is a network for applied research, implementation, and dissemination
in the field of disaster risk management. It is an initiative of
the Board of the Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology and Virginia
Polytechnic Institute and State University in conjunction with the
ProVention Consortium of the World Bank.
managing executive in the public or private sector has a duty to
ensure appropriate risk management in his area of responsibility.
Hazardous events of natural or technological origin can happen anywhere
and at any time. It's never too early to integrate risk management
into corporate governance - but it may often be too late.
marshals resources for collaborative activities in applied research,
re-search applications, and professional practice to reduce disaster
risks in vulnerable communities throughout the world.
objective of DRM is to enable people to anticipate disasters and
take action to protect life and property, and to ensure sustainable
social and economic development. Its activities include supporting
the pursuit of an optimal balance between disaster risk reduction,
risk-sharing mechanisms, and management of residual risks in the
face of limited resources.
achieves its aims by filling knowledge gaps, providing a clearing-house
for information, building know-how, mobilizing resources, and forging
partnerships with governments, private en-terprises, international
agencies, and NGOs.
works with a wide range of international organizations and institutions
whose common ob-jective is disaster risk reduction for public safety
and sustainable development.
when reliable and cost-effective technologies are available for
early warning, disaster prevention and mitigation, many governments,
especially in developing countries, lack an adequate institutional
framework in which to apply them.
and technological disasters often cause substantial damage to life
and property, infrastructures, cultural heritage, and the ecological
basis of life. Indirect losses in terms of business interruption,
loss of production, and loss of services often exceed losses due
to direct physical damage. Deve-loping countries are affected more
severely, often suffering a dramatic decline in GNP.
losses from disasters
Disaster losses have increased dramatically over the past two decades.
This has resulted from changes in the pattern of hazard occurrence
and from increased vulnerability of a growing population. With greater
pressure to exploit marginal lands and accommodate more people in
urban areas, the potential for future disasters continues to expand.
To develop effective and efficient tools and strategies for disaster
risk assessment and risk reduction, it is necessary to understand
the factors contributing to those risks. Natural hazard events often
precipitate subsequent technological failures, and dependency on
tightly coupled technological systems can increase the potential
for catastrophic failure and disaster. Natural and technological
disasters also threaten the ecological basis of life through long-term